Install Docker CE on Ubuntu

warning: Don't install Docker CE directly using apt without configuring Docker APT source.

Preparation

System requirements

Docker CE supports Ubuntu versions:

  • Disco 19.04
  • Cosmic 18.10
  • Bionic 18.04 (LTS)
  • Xenial 16.04 (LTS)

Docker CE can be installed on x86 platform or ARM. In Ubuntu distributions, LTS (Long-Term-Support) will get 5 years updating support, distributions like this will be stable. Therefore, LTS version is recommended in production environment.

Uninstall old version

Old version of Docker is called docker or docker-engine. Use the following command to uninstall the old version:

$ sudo apt-get remove docker \
               docker-engine \
               docker.io

Use APT to install

Because the apt source uses HTTPS to ensure that software downloads are not tampered with. Therefore, we need to add software packages and CA certificates that are transmitted using HTTPS first.

$ sudo apt-get update

$ sudo apt-get install \
    apt-transport-https \
    ca-certificates \
    curl \
    software-properties-common

If you are in China, it is strongly recommended to use chinese sources. The official sources are in the comments.

In order to confirm the validity of the downloaded package, we need to add the GPG key of the software source.

$ curl -fsSL https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/docker-ce/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo apt-key add -


# official
# $ curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo apt-key add -

Then, we need to add Docker software source to source.list

$ sudo add-apt-repository \
    "deb [arch=amd64] https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/docker-ce/linux/ubuntu \
    $(lsb_release -cs) \
    stable"


# official
# $ sudo add-apt-repository \
#    "deb [arch=amd64] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu \
#    $(lsb_release -cs) \
#    stable"

The above commands will add stable Docker CE APT source. If you need test or nightly version of Docker, you can change the stable to test or nightly.

Install Docker CE

Update apt cache and install docker-ce:

$ sudo apt-get update

$ sudo apt-get install docker-ce

Auto install by script

Docker Offical has provided a set of convenient install scripts which can be installed on Ubuntu system for test or dev environments.

$ curl -fsSL get.docker.com -o get-docker.sh
$ sudo sh get-docker.sh --mirror Aliyun

Script will make everythings ok and install Edge version of Docker CE for system after this command.

Launcher Docker CE

$ sudo systemctl enable docker
$ sudo systemctl start docker

Add docker user group

Command docker uses Unix socket to communicate with Docker engine default. Only users of root and docker groups can communicate Unix socket of Docker engine.root user is not directly used on Linux systems in general for security. Therefore, it is better to add users who need to use docker to the docker user group.

create docker group:

$ sudo groupadd docker

add current user to docker group:

$ sudo usermod -aG docker $USER

Exit current terminal and relogin to test.

Test whether Docker is installed correctly

$ docker run hello-world

Unable to find image 'hello-world:latest' locally
latest: Pulling from library/hello-world
d1725b59e92d: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:0add3ace90ecb4adbf7777e9aacf18357296e799f81cabc9fde470971e499788
Status: Downloaded newer image for hello-world:latest

Hello from Docker!
This message shows that your installation appears to be working correctly.

To generate this message, Docker took the following steps:
 1. The Docker client contacted the Docker daemon.
 2. The Docker daemon pulled the "hello-world" image from the Docker Hub.
    (amd64)
 3. The Docker daemon created a new container from that image which runs the
    executable that produces the output you are currently reading.
 4. The Docker daemon streamed that output to the Docker client, which sent it
    to your terminal.

To try something more ambitious, you can run an Ubuntu container with:
 $ docker run -it ubuntu bash

Share images, automate workflows, and more with a free Docker ID:
 https://hub.docker.com/

For more examples and ideas, visit:
 https://docs.docker.com/get-started/

If it shows above message, it means successful installation.

Registry Mirror(In China)

If you pull docker images very slowly, then you can configurate Registry Mirror.

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